Humankind is already changing the deep ocean, with impacts expected to accelerate alongside our increased use. Much of my research seeks to understand the impacts of deep-sea mining, oil and gas extraction, litter and climate change, so that we can mitigate them and manage our deep-ocean ecosystems more effectively in the future. Additionally, I’m a Co-Lead of the Deep-Ocean Stewardship Initiative’s (DOSI) Minerals Working Group. Find out more here. A full list of my publications can be found here.